Original Article Post Date:
Civilian Agency Records
State Department and Foreign Affairs Records
Records of the Foreign Service Posts of the Department of State (RG 84)
Turkey began World War II bound to Great Britain and France by the military alliance of October 1939, moved to non-belligerency in June 1940 after the fall of France, and adopted a policy of "active neutrality" in the spring of 1941 after German occupation of the Balkans and the conclusion of a German-Turkish Treaty of Friendship on June 18, 1941.