History

The Middle Eastern Revolutions That Never Were


STEVEN A. COOK
The democratic dreams of the Arab Spring have become nightmares of instability and authoritarianism. What went wrong? And what, if anything, should America do about it?
Bloodshed, fragmentation, and repression portend a Middle Eastern future very different from the democratic dreams that many Western observers and some young locals entertained in 2011 and 2012.

A Century After Sykes-Picot

Emir Faisal of Mecca and his entourage at Paris Peace Conference

By Eugene Rogan 

With the fall of the Ottoman Empire after the First World War, Arabs found themselves divided into new states under British and French domination. Today’s crises are a legacy of political decisions made a hundred years ago.

Flirting with Armageddon: NATO's war games in 2015 and 1983 and the irony of History


By Marios L. Evriviades
NATO's war game "Trident Juncture 2015", that commenced on October 21- one of a series of long planned war exercises by the Atlantic Alliance- is due for completion in the Mediterranean and Europe on November 6.

The Caliph at the gates of Vienna

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
BY PEPE ESCOBAR
History has a jolly habit of repeating itself as surrealist farce. Is it 1683 all over again, with the Ottoman Empire laying siege to Vienna just to be defeated by the “infidels” at the last minute?

How Would Lawrence of Arabia Defeat the Islamic State?

How Would Lawrence of Arabia Defeat the Islamic State?

BY JAMES STAVRIDIS

Lessons from the early 20th century for the chaotic, modern Middle East.
A colleague of mine recently watched the Oscar-winning classic 1962 film Lawrence of Arabia. His brief comment on its merits in regard to understanding the Middle East of today: a cynical shrug of his shoulders and the words “nothing has changed.”

The Middle East in 2015 Is a Lot Like Europe in 1914

DRK paramedics and a burned Sanitaetswagen, or ambulance, on the,DRK paramedics and a burned Sanitaetswagen, or ambulance, on the World War I battlefield, between 1914 and 1918.

How did that work out again?
By Fred Kaplan

Russian President Vladimir Putin, left, and US President Barack Obama. In the background, German Red Cross paramedics and a burned Sanitaetswagen, or ambulance, on a World War I battlefield, between 1914 and 1918.

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