History

The NSA's Bay of Pigs

Robert W. Merry, The National Interest

When the CIA’s 1961 anti-Castro operation known as the Bay of Pigs went belly up, President John F. Kennedy, freshly inaugurated, was outraged at the fiasco. He called into the Oval Office the three top CIA officials most directly responsible for the operation—Allen Dulles, director of Central Intelligence; Lieutenant General Charles Cabell, the agency’s deputy director; and Richard Bissell, deputy director for plans (espionage and clandestine operations). He told them they would all be fired.

Rebutting Rector Attalides’s Position: “The Cyprus Problem in 2004″…

By Aris Petasis*

In his article “The Cyprus Problem in 2004: Three Differences from 2004 and One Similarity” appearing in the September, 2013 issue of In Depth Rector Attalides of the University of Nicosia writes, “In 2004 one of the issues impeding a solution was that the economically overconfident Greek Cypriot community was convinced by its leaders (my italics) that a solution would mean that it would need to subsidize the poorer Turkish Cypriots.”

Why Russians Still Don't Hate Communism

 


*James W. Carden served as an advisor to the US-Russia Bilateral Presidential Commission at the State Department from 2011-2012.
Last week Russia’s Public Opinion Foundation released the results of a survey in which the respondents were asked to share their views of life in the former Soviet Union. Almost two-thirds of those interviewed viewed communism in a favorable light.

The 1952 precedent: Egypt and military rule

sisi

Army Chief General Abdel Fattah El-Sisi (C) attends the military funeral service of Police General Nabil Farag, who was killed on Thursday in Kerdasa, at Al-Rashdan Mosque in Cairo's Nasr City district on 20 September, 2013 (Photo: Reuters)

Dina Ezzat

Military sources say popular sentiment around Egypt's military has made it hard to disengage from politics; others wonder if army can juggle multiple roles. Photos of Egypt army chief El-Sisi wearing suit re-fuels presidency speculation
Four decades after the military's celebrated victory against Israel, the Egyptian army has once again been asked to play the political role it first assumed in 1952 when it toppled a decaying monarchy to establish the first republic.


Contrast in the Caucasus


*Alexandros Petersen is the author of The World Island: Eurasian Geopolitics and the Fate of the West.
Two of the countries in the South Caucasus that emerged from Soviet rule more than twenty years ago have taken very different paths, their individual relationships with Moscow diverging ever since independence. Armenia has become ever closer to Russia while Azerbaijan has grown into a staunch ally of the United States and the broader West. Why, then, does the United States continue to lump Armenia and Azerbaijan together when their strategic importance to Washington is completely imbalanced?

Yeltsin's Attack, America's Tolerance

Paul J. Saunders, The National Interest

In the midst of a significant American political crisis, it is easy to forget that twenty years ago this week, Russia’s former president Boris Yeltsin shelled Moscow’s White House—where the country’s parliament met at that time—in a considerably more dramatic and probably more consequential executive-legislative conflict than today’s in Washington. Yet Americans would do well to remember the events that led to the October 1993 crisis.

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